“First come, first served” does not apply here. You are under no obligation to give your dog to the first person who says he wants him or her. You have every right to ask questions and choose the person you think will make the best new owner. Don’t let anyone rush you or intimidate you.
To help you along, we’ve included a few questions that you can ask potential applicants. Have a note pad, paper and your list of requirements for your dog’s new home, handy for when you do receive calls. You can compare the applicants answers and your requirements.
First, get the caller’s name, address, phone number and email. Ask for information that you can verify. Does the caller’s family know about and approve of their plans to get a pit bull? If not, suggest they talk it over and call you back. The same applies to people living with a companion or roommate. When one person adopts a dog without the full approval of the rest of the household, the adoption often fails.
Do they own or rent their home? If renting, get the name and contact information of their landlord? You’d be surprised how many people haven’t checked with their landlord or apartment complex before contacting you. Verify yourself, that the landlord or apartment complex does not have breed restrictions.
Does the caller have children? How many and how old are they? How many children can make a difference depending on your dog’s personality. If your dog isn’t good with kids, say so up front.
Does the caller currently have dogs or other pets? How many? What kind? What are their personalities like? Obviously, if your dog isn’t good with cats or other animals and your applicant has them, the adoption’s not going to work. Be up front. It’s better to turn people away now than have to take the dog back later.
If the caller does not currently have dogs, have they had dogs before? If yes, where are they now? These are very important questions! How they treated the pets they’ve had in the past will tell you how they might treat your dog. The following answers should raise a red flag and urge you to dig a little deeper. “We gave him away” “I had to leave him/her with…” “I don’t have him/her now, but plan to get him/her back soon”. “Oh, we’ve had lots of dogs!” The answers to these questions should not outright “disqualify” the caller as a potential adopter, but it will allow you some insight into their behavior as a pet owner.
Do they have a yard? Is it fenced? If the yard isn’t fenced, ask how he plans to keep the dog from leaving his property. While a home w/out a yard shouldn’t “disqualify” the caller as a potential adopter, it would lead to a next question of How will the caller keep the dog exercised?
Where will the dog be kept during the day? At night? When unsupervised?
How will the caller provide for the dog if they have to go out of town?
Does the caller have a current veterinarian they use? If you feel so inclined, you can call the vet they give as a reference check. For a vet reference, explain that “John Doe” is interested in adopting your dog and you want to confirm care, annual vaccinations and preventative treatment (heartworm, flea, tick). Were the dogs in good condition and happy? General reference questions include asking how long the caller has been a patient at their clinic. If they were placing a pet, would they feel comfortable giving it to this person?
Why is the caller interested in your dog, in particular? Did they like the look of the dog? The description on the flyer or ad? The personality of the dog?
The In-Person Interview
Once you’ve chosen a family (or families) that you feel are good candidates, make an appointment for a Meet and Greet to allow them to see the dog. If they already have a dog, make plans to introduce the dogs on “neutral” territory, like a park. Signs of reactivity or aggression on the part of either dog should be taken seriously. Introductions should be done slowly and never allow any nose-to nose greetings. The ideal dog-dog meeting occurs after a short walk with both dogs having their own space and then a nose-to-butt greeting. Again, signs of reactivity and aggression from either dog suggests that they may not be good housemates.
If the families do not have any other pets, then the Meet and Greet and home visit can be scheduled together. Going to the applicants house allows you to see what kind of environment your dog will be living in and will offer you the chance to give some feedback for improvement if necessary. For example, if they have a hole in their fence or if there are household items that they will need to make sure stay picked up and out of reach of the new dog.
If the family has children, ask for them to attend the Meet and Greet. You need to see how the dog will react to them and how the children treat the dog. Some allowance should be made for kids’ natural enthusiasm but if children are undisciplined, disrespectful or cause your dog to be anxious or stressed then this family may not be the right fit for your dog. As the one adopting out your dog, it will be your job to advocate for your dog until it is re-homed, which includes advocating for the right environment of the house.
Follow your gut instincts. Do you like these people? Would you be comfortable having them as guests in your home? Would they make good friends? If not, don’t give them your dog. If something about them doesn’t seem quite right, even if you can’t explain what it is, don’t take a chance on your dog’s future. Wait for another family!
After the Meet and Greets are over, give the new family, that you’ve chosen, a day or two to decide if they really want to adopt your dog. Make sure they have a chance to think over the commitment they’re making. While they’re deciding, get a package ready to send along with your dog. This package should include:
• Your dog’s medical records and the name, address & phone number of your vet.
• Your name, address & phone (new address if you’re moving)
• Your dog’s toys and belongings (dog bed, blanket, etc.), a supply of dog food & special treats he loves
• An instruction sheet on feeding, special needs, etc.; some educational reading material about pit bulls.
• Collar and leash; ID and rabies tags
• If your dog is not neutered/spayed, do not release the AKC papers until proof of surgery has been supplied
Set aside some special time for you and your dog to take a last walk together, spend some time playing together or even snuggling. Understandably, re-homing of a family pet can be incredibly traumatic for both the human and the dog. Try to get your emotions under control before drop off so that your dog will have a good start to acclimating in its new home.
There are some things you need to explain to the new family before they take your dog home:
- The dog will go through an adjustment period as he gets to know his new people, learns new rules and adjust to a new environment. Most dogs adjust within a few days, but others may take longer.
- During this time, they should avoid forcing the dog to do anything stressful – taking a bath, obedience training classes, meeting too many strangers and/or dogs at once, etc.
- Suggest that they take things easy at first and give the dog time to bond to them. Keep the home environment calm and quiet for the first couple of weeks. The dog might not eat for the first day or two. Not to worry – he’ll eat when he’s ready.
- Some dogs temporarily forget their training. A well-housebroken dog may have an accident during the first day in his new home. This isn’t unusual and rarely happens more than once.
- They may think about investing in a crate (if not provided) so that their new dog has a safe place to go when unsupervised and/or when he starts to feel anxious.
Have the new owner sign an adoption contract with a waiver of liability. A contract will help to protect the dog and the waiver of liability helps to protect you. You don’t have a crystal ball to predict what your dog might do in the future. Remember – a waiver of liability will not protect you if you have lied or misrepresented the dog to his new owners. Keep a copy for your records.
You may also want to provide them with instructions on changing over the microchip contact information. They can change the contact information to themselves, but leave you as an alternate contact in case for any reason they cannot be reached, you are still available.
Let the family know you’d like to keep in touch and will follow up with them in the next few days to see how things are going. Assure them that if they have any questions or concerns they can reach out to you for help and guidance. Also, let the family know that if they feel that the adoption won’t work out, you are willing to take the dog back.
Adapted from courtesy of Pit Bull Rescue Central: Screening Potential Homes